Recently in our theory class we’ve been reading about understanding problems, and how to solve them using heuristic thinking or computational, algorithmic methods.
We read Herb Simon who described well structured problems and Ill-structured problems. Well structured problems follow clearly defined rules, have a goal and can be tested. Ill-structured are often quite complex. Existing situation and desired goal aren’t fully clear.
Philip Johnson-Laird wrote about the benefits and power of heuristic problem solving, which refers to experience based problem solving like a rule of thumb. This was contrasted to mathematicians Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman who scientifically demonstrated that heuristic problem solving can often lead to incorrect conclusions by humans, and that computational thinking is superior.
Chris Paccione proposed that widespread adoption of design thinking will have massive positive benefits to society the same way that widespread math literacy has had. Paccione’s praxis of design thinking describes a heuristic, iterative process of problem solving. By going through these multiple cycles of observing and making, you gain new experience will builds upon itself.
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